Cluster III: Phosphorus in Synthesis and Catalysis

The cluster “Phosphorus in Synthesis and Catalysis” is concerned with fundamental questions concerning the structure and reactivity of phosphorus containing compounds. Phosphorus is one of the key elements in synthesis and catalysis. This is based on the oxidation states of phosphorus, ranging from −3 to +5 and consequently, phosphorus compounds show a variety of different coordination modes. . The structural variety of these compounds leads to a broad range of exclusive properties and possible applications in chemistry.

Phosphorus containing compounds are widely used in all areas of chemistry. In organometallic and coordination chemistry they are used as ligands e.g. in transition metal complexes. These complexes find application as catalysts in academia and industry. Often only the use of catalysts makes efficient reactions and the selective access to the desired products possible. With respect to sustainability these catalysts with P-containing ligands contribute to the development of energy and resource efficient processes.

Moreover, phosphorus containing compounds play a unique role in organocatalysis and as reagents in organic synthesis. Without these reagents the production of many natural and pharmaceutical products, e.g. for medical applications, would not be possible. Numerous products in our daily life, ranging from light emitting diods, to crop protection products or even flame retardants contain the element phosphorus.


Neue Organokatalysatoren und kooperative Katalysatorsysteme für die stoffliche Nutzung von CO2 (Dr. T. Werner) (BMBF, 2010-2015)

Selektive Oligomerisierung von Ethylen mit P-N-Liganden-Systemen (Prof. Dr. U. Rosenthal) (SABIC, Linde AG, 2006-2015)

Graduiertenschule I: Leibniz-WissenschaftsCampus Phosphorforschung Rostock (WGL, 04/2015-06/2019)

Graduiertenschule II: Leibniz-WissenschaftsCampus Phosphorforschung Rostock (WGL, 07/2019-11/2023)

KataPlasma: Hydroformylierung mit homogenen Katalysatoren geträgert auf Plasma funktionalisierten Materialien* (BMBF, 06/2016 – 12/2019)



Lüdtke, K. P., Suhrbier, T., Bresien, J., Villinger, A., Schulz, A. (2024): On the reactivity of a masked N-heterocyclic phosphinidene towards carbonyls and isonitriles. European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry 27: 1-13, DOI: 10.1002/ejic.202300651

Ren, C., Terazzi, C., Werner, T. (2024): Tuneable reduction of CO2 – organocatalyzed selective formylation and methylation of amines. Green Chemistry 26: 439-447, DOI: 10.1039/D3GC03993E

Rosenboom, J., Taube, F., Teichmeier, L., Villinger, A., Reinhard, M., Demeshko, S., Bennati, M., Bresien, J., Corzilius, B., Schulz, A. (2024): Rational Design of a Phosphorus-Centered Disbiradical. Angewandte Chemie Internationale Edition 63: 1-7, DOI: 10.1002/anie.202318210


Belov, F., Mildner, A., Knaus, T., Mutti, F., von Langermann, J. (2023): Crystallization-based downstream processing of ω-transaminase- and amine dehydrogenase-catalyzed reactions. Reaction Chemistry & Engineering 8: 1427-1439, DOI: 10.1039/D2RE00496H

Nees, S., Beer, H., Just, P., Teichmeier, L. M., Christoffer, L. E., Guljam, A., Kushik, Braunschweig, H., Hering-Junghans, C. (2023): On the reactivity of Mes*P(PMe3) towards aluminum(I) compounds – Evidence for the intermediate formation of phosphaalumenes. ChemPlusChem 88: 1-10, DOI: 10.1002/cplu.202300078

Nees, S., Wellnitz, T., Dankert, F., Härterich, M., Dotzauer, S., Feldt, M., Braunschweig, H., Hering-Junghans, C. (2023): On the Reactivity of Phosphaalumenes towards C−C Multiple Bonds. Angewandte Chemie Internationale Edition 62: 1-10, DOI: 10.1002/anie.202215838

Neuburger, J.E., Gazizova, A., Tiedemann, S., von Langermann, J. (2023): Chemoenzymatic Synthesis of Enantiopure Amino Alcohols from Simple Methyl Ketones. European Journal of Organic Chemistry 26: 1-7, DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.202201471

Neuburger, J.E., Tiedemann, S., Michalik, D., von Langermann, J. (2023): Development of a Rare Earth Element-based Recovery Concept for Cofactors from Aqueous Solutions. Chemical Engineering & Technology 46: 766-775, DOI: 10.1002/ceat.202200393

Pilopp, Y., Bresien, J., Gschwind, D., Villinger, A., Michalik, D., Schulz, A. (2023): Access to Benzo- and Naphtho-Azaphospholes via C–H BondActivation of Aryl-Substituted Isonitriles. Chemistry - A European Journal 29: 1-10, DOI: 10.1002/chem.202300764

Siewert, J.-E., Puerta Lombardi, B. M., Jannsen, N., Roesler, R., Hering-Junghans, C. (2023): Synthesis and ligand properties of chelating bis(N-heterocyclic carbene)-stabilized bis(phosphinidenes). Inorganic Chemistry 62: 16832-1684, DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.3c02264

Siewert, J.-E., Schumann, A., Wellnitz, T., Dankert, F., Hering-Junghans, C. (2023): Triphosphiranes as phosphinidene-transfer agents – synthesis of regular and chelating NHC phosphinidene adducts. Dalton Transactions - The international journal for inorganic, organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry 52: 15747-1575, DOI: 10.1039/D3DT02690F

Täufer, T., Dankert, F., Michalik, D., Pospech, J., Bresien, J., Hering-Junghans, C. (2023): Photochemical formation and reversible base-induced cleavage of a phosphagallene. Chemical Science 14: 3018-3023, DOI: 10.1039/D2SC06292E

Terazzi, C., Spannenberg, A., von Langermann, J., Werner T. (2023): Chemoenzymatic Synthesis of Chiral Building Blocks Based on the Kinetic Resolution of Glycerol-Derived Cyclic Carbonates. ChemCatChem 15: 1-8, DOI: 10.1002/cctc.202300917

Zander, E., Bresien, J., Zhivonitko, V.V., Fessler, J., Villinger, A., Michalik, D., Schulz, A. (2023): Rational Design of Persistent Phosphorus-Centered Singlet Tetraradicals and Their Use in Small-Molecule Activation. Journal of the American Chemical Society 145: 14484–1449, DOI: 10.1021/jacs.3c03928


Dankert, F., Fischer, M., Hering-Junghans, C. (2022): Modulating the reactivity of phosphanylidenephosphoranes towards water with Lewis acids. Dalton Transactions - The international journal for inorganic, organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry 51: 11267-1127, DOI: 10.1039/D2DT01575G

Dankert, F., Gupta, P., Wellnitz, T., Baumann, W., Hering-Junghans, C. (2022): Deoxygenation of chalcogen oxides EO2 (E = S, Se) with phospha-Wittig reagents. Dalton Transactions - The international journal for inorganic, organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry 51: 18642-1865, DOI: 10.1039/D2DT03703C

Dankert, F., Hering-Junghans, C. (2022): Heavier group 13/15 multiple bond systems: synthesis, structure and chemical bond activation. Chemical Communications 58: 1242-1262, DOI: 10.1039/D1CC06518A

Dankert, F., Siewert, J.-E., Gupta, P., Weigend, F., Hering-Junghans, C. (2022): Metal-free N-H Bond Activation by Phospha-Wittig Reagents. Angewandte Chemie Internationale Edition 61: 1-6, DOI: 10.1002/anie.202207064

Gupta, P., Täufer, T., Siewert, J.-E., Reiß, F., Drexler, H.-J., Pospech, J., Beweries, T., Hering-Junghans, C. (2022): Synthesis, Coordination Chemistry, and Mechanistic Studies of P,N-Type Phosphaalkene-Based Rh(I) Complexes. Inorganic Chemistry 61: 11639–1165, DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.2c01158

Ren, C., Spannenberg, A., Werner, T. (2022): Synthesis of Bifunctional Phosphonium Salts Bearing Perfluorinated Side Chains and Their Application in the Synthesis of Cyclic Carbonates from Epoxides and CO2. Asian Journal of Organic Chemistry 11: 1-7, DOI: 10.1002/ajoc.202200156

Suhrbier, T., Bresien, J., Villinger, A., Schulz, A. (2022): A four-membered heterocyclic prevented biradical that can be described as a zwitterion or masked N-heterocyclic phosphinidene. Cell Reports Physical Science 3: 1-11, DOI: 10.1016/j.xcrp.2022.100777

Terazzi, C., Laatz, K., von Langermann, J., Werner, T. (2022): Synthesis of Cyclic Carbonates Catalyzed by CaI2–Et3N and Studies on Their Biocatalytic Kinetic Resolution. ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering 10: 13335–1334, DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.2c03210


Arlt, S., Blaesing, K., Harloff, J., Laatz, K.C., Michalik, D., Nier, S., Schulz, A., Stoer, P., Stoffers, A., Villinger, A. (2021): Pseudohalogen Chemistry in Ionic Liquids with Non-innocent Cations and Anions. ChemistryOpen 10: 62-71, DOI: 10.1002/open.202000252

Bresien, J., Michalik, D., Schulz, A., Villinger, A., Zander, E. (2021): Azadiphosphaindane-1,3-diyls: A Class of Resonance-Stabilized Biradicals. Angewandte Chemie Internationale Edition 60 [3]: 1507-1512, DOI: 10.1002/anie.202011886

Fischer, M., Hering-Junghans, C. (2021): On 1,3-phosphaazaallenes and their diverse reactivity. Chem. Sci. 12, 10279. Chemical Science 12: 10279–1028, DOI: 10.1039/d1sc02947a

Gläsel, T., Jiao, H., Hapke, M. (2021): Synthesis of Phosphinines from CoII-Catalyzed [2+2+2] Cycloaddition Reactions. ACS Catalysis 11: 13434-1344, DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.1c03483

Gupta, P., Siewert, J.-E., Wellnitz, T., Fischer, M., Baumann, W., Beweries, T., Hering-Junghans, C. (2021): Reactivity of phospha-Wittig reagents towards NHCs and NHOs. Dalton Transactions - The international journal for inorganic, organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry 50: 1838-1844, DOI: 10.1039/D1DT00071C

Liu, X., Werner, T. (2021): Indirect reduction of CO2 and recycling of polymers by manganese-catalyzed transfer hydrogenation of amides, carbamates, urea derivatives, and polyurethanes. Chemical Science 12: 10590-1059, DOI: 10.1039/d1sc02663a

Liu, X., Werner, T. (2021): Selective Construction of C−C and C=C Bonds by Manganese Catalyzed Coupling of Alcohols with Phosphorus Ylides. Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis 363: 1096-1104, DOI: 10.1002/adsc.202001209

Nees, S., Fantuzzi, F., Wellnitz, T., Fischer, M., Siewert, J.-E., Goettel, J. T., Hofmann, A., Härterich, M., Braunschweig, H., Hering-Junghans, C. (2021): Cyclo-Dipnictadialanes. Angewandte Chemie Internationale Edition 60: 24318–2432, DOI: 10.1002/anie.202111121

Pudnika, L., Domraceva, I., Werner, T., Zalubovskis, R., Grandane, A. (2021): Base-Free Catalytic Wittig-/Cross-Coupling Reaction Sequence as Short Synthetic Strategy for the Preparation of Highly Functionalized Arylbenzoxepinones. Synthesis 53: 3545-3554, DOI: 10.1055/a-1509-6078

Schulz, A., Hinz, A., Roelke, A., Villinger, A., Wustrack, R. (2021): On New Staudinger Type Reactions of Phosphorus Centered Biradicaloids, [P(μ-NR)]2 (R = Ter, Hyp), with Ionic and Covalent Azides. Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie 647 [4]: 245-257, DOI: 10.1002/zaac.202000228

Siewert, J.-E., Schumann, A., Hering-Junghans, C. (2021): Phosphine-catalysed reductive coupling of Dihalophosphanes. Dalton Transactions - The international journal for inorganic, organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry 42: 15111-1511, DOI: 10.1039/D1DT03095G

Wu, F., Sokolov, E. P., Dellwig, O., Sokolova, I. M. (2021): Season-dependent effects of ZnO nanoparticles and elevated temperature on bioenergetics of the blue mussel Mytilus edulis. Chemosphere 263: 1-13, DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.127780


Beer, H., Bläsing, K., Bresien, J., Chojetzki, L., Schulz, A., Stoer, P., Villinger, A. (2020): Trapping of Bronsted acids with a phosphorus-centered biradicaloid - synthesis of hydrogen pseudohalide addition products. Dalton Transactions - The international journal for inorganic, organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry 49: 13655-1366, DOI: 10.1039/d0dt03251d

Beer, H., Bresien, J., Michalik, D., Rölke, A.-K., Schulz, A., Villinger, A., Wustrack, R. (2020): Heterocyclopentanediyls vs Heterocyclopentadienes: A Question of Silyl Group Migration. Journal of Organic Chemistry 85: 14435-1444, DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.0c00460

Beer, H., Bresien, J., Michalik, D., Schulz, A., Villinger, A. (2020): Reversible switching between housane and cyclopentanediyl isomers: an isonitrile-catalyzed thermal reverse reaction. Dalton Transactions - The international journal for inorganic, organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry 49: 13986-1399, DOI: 10.1039/D0DT02688C

Bresien, J., Pilopp, Y., Schulz, A., Szych, L.S., Villinger, A., Wustrack, R. (2020): Synthesis of Sterically Demanding Secondary Phosphides and Diphosphanes and Their Utilization in Small-Molecule Activation. Inorganic Chemistry 59: 13561-1357, DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c01934

Chojetzki, L., Schulz, A., Villinger, A., Wustrack, R. (2020): Cycloaddition of Alkenes and Alkynes to the P-centered Singlet Biradical [P(μ-NTer)]2. Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie 646: 614-624, DOI: 10.1002/zaac.201900191

Grandane, A., Nocentini, A., Werner, T., Zalubovskis, R., Supuran, C.T. (2020): Benzoxepinones: A new isoform-selective class of tumor associated carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 28 [11]: 115496, DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2020.115496

Harloff, J., Schulz, A., Stoer, P., Villinger, A. (2020): Pseudohalide HCN aggregate ions: [N3(HCN)3]-, [OCN(HCN)3]-, [SCN(HCN)2]- and [P(CN·HCN)2]-. Dalton Transactions - The international journal for inorganic, organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry 49: 13345-1335, DOI: 10.1039/d0dt02973d

Hu, Y., Peglow, S., Longwitz, L., Frank, M., Epping, J.D., Brüser, V., Werner, T. (2020): Plasma‐Assisted Immobilization of a Phosphonium Salt and Its Use as a Catalyst in the Valorization of CO2. ChemSusChem 13: 1825 –1833, DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201903384

Hu, Y., Wei, Z., Frey, A., Kubis, C., Ren, C.-Y., Spannenberg, A., Jiao, H., Werner, T. (2020): Catalytic, kinetic and mechanistic insights into the fixation of CO2 with epoxides catalyzed by phenol functionalized phosphonium salts. ChemSusChem, DOI: 10.1002/cssc.202002267

Hülsewede, D., Temmel, E., Kumm, P., von Langermann, J. (2020): Concept Study for an Integrated Reactor-Crystallizer Process for the Continuous Biocatalytic Synthesis of (S)-1-(3-Methoxyphenyl)ethylamine. Crystals 10 [15]: 1-13, DOI: 10.3390/cryst10050345

Liu, X., Longwitz, L., Spiegelberg, B., Tönjes, J., Beweries, T., Werner, T. (2020): Erbium-Catalyzed Regioselective Isomerization–Cobalt-Catalyzed Transfer Hydrogenation Sequence for the Synthesis of Anti-Markovnikov Alcohols from Epoxides under Mild Conditions. ACS Catalysis 2020 [10]: 13659–1366, DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.0c03294

Meyer, L.-E., Brundiek, H., von Langermann, J. (2020): Integration of ion exchange resin materials for a downstream-processing approach of an imine reductase-catalyzed reaction. Biotechnology Progress 36 [5]:, DOI: 10.1002/btpr.3024

Siewert, J.-E., Schumann, A., Fischer, M., Schmidt, C., Taeufer, T., Hering-Junghans, C. (2020): Terphenyl(bisamino)phosphines: electron-rich ligands for gold-catalysis. Dalton Transactions - The international journal for inorganic, organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry 49: 12354-1236, DOI: 10.1039/D0DT02435J


Büttner, H., Kohrt, C., Wulf, C., Schäffner, B., Groenke, K., Hu, Y., Kruse, D., Werner, T. (2019): Life Cycle Assessment for the Organocatalytic Synthesis of Glycerol Carbonate Methacrylate. ChemSusChem 12: 2701-2707, DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201900678

Grandane, A., Longwitz, L., Roolf, C., Spannenberg, A., Murua Escobar, H., Junghans, C., Suna, E., Werner, T. (2019): Intramolecular Base-Free Catalytic Wittig Reaction: Synthesis of Benzoxepinones. Journal of Organic Chemistry 84: 1320-1329.

Hülsewede, D., Meyer, L.-E., von Langermann, J. (2019): Application of in situ-Product Crystallization and Related Techniques in Biocatalytic Processes. Chemistry - A European Journal 25: 4871-4884, DOI: 10.1002/chem.201804970

Jahanbakhsh, S., Brüser, V., Brandenburg, R. (2019): Experimental investigation of single microdischarges in a barrier corona arrangement with a cathodic metal pin. Plasma Sources Science and Technology, DOI: 10.1088/1361-6595/ab52e9

Liu, X., de Vries, J. G., Werner, T. (2019): Transfer Hydrogenation of Cyclic Carbonates and Polycarbonate to Methanol and Diols by Iron Pincer Catalysts. Green Chemistry 21: 5248-5255, DOI: 10.1039/C9GC02052G

Longwitz, L., Jopp, S., Werner, T. (2019): Organocatalytic Chlorination of Alcohols by P(III)/P(V) Redox Cycling. Journal of Organic Chemistry 84: 7863–7870, DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.9b00741

Longwitz, L., Spannenberg, A., Werner, T. (2019): Phosphetane Oxides as Redox Cycling Catalysts in the Catalytic Wittig Reaction at Room Temperature. ACS Catalysis, DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.9b02456

Longwitz, L., Werner, T. (2019): Recent advances in catalytic Wittig-type reactions based on P(III)/P(V) redox cycling. Pure and Applied Chemistry 91 [1]: 95-102, DOI: 10.1515/pac-2018-0920

Longwitz, L., Werner, T. (2019): The Mitsunobu reaction, reimagined. Science 365: 866-867, DOI: 10.1126/science.aay6635

Longwitz, L., Werner, T. (2019): Reduction of activated alkenes by P(III)/P(V) redox cycling catalysis. Angewandte Chemie Internationale Edition, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201912991

Meyer, L.‐E., Gummesson, A., Kragl, U., von Langermann, J. (2019): Application of Ionic Liquid-Water-Based Thermomorphic Solvent (TMS)-Systems for Biocatalytic Reactions. Biotechnology Journal, DOI: 10.1002/biot.201900215


Felgenhauer, P., Labbow, R., Schulz, A., Villinger, A. (2018): Synthesis and Characterization of Silylated Phosphonium [P(OSiMe3)4]+ and Phosphate [O2P(OSiMe3)2]− Salts. Inorganic Chemistry 57 (15: 9348–9353, DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b01323

Longwitz, L., Steinbauer, J., Spannenberg, A., Werner, T. (2018): Calcium-Based Catalytic System for the Synthesis of Bio-Derived Cyclic Carbonates under Mild Conditions. ACS Catalysis 8: 665-672, DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.7b03367

Schulz, A., Bresien, J., Hinz, A., Villinger, A. (2018): As-N and As-N-P Cage Compounds Generated by [2+2] Addition of Diazenes and Diphosphenes to Diarsadiazanediyls. Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 10.1002/ejic.201800109, DOI: 10.1002/ejic.201800109


Boeck, G., Peppel, T., Selent, D., Schulz, A. (2017): Chemie in Rostock heute. Nachrichten aus der Chemie 65 [10]: 1030-1033, DOI: 10.1002/nadc.20174062644

Büttner, H.; Steinbauer, J.; Wulf, C.; Dindaroglu, M.; Schmalz, H.-G.; Werner, T. (2017): Organocatalyzed Synthesis of Oleochemical Carbonates from CO2 and Renewables. ChemSusChem 10 [6]: 1076-1079, DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201601163

Hinz, A., Labbow, R., Rennick, C., Schulz, A., Goicoechea, J.M. (2017): HPCO—A Phosphorus-Containing Analogue of Isocyanic Acid. Angewandte Chemie Internationale Edition 56 [14]: 3911-3915, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201700368

Hoehne, M., Joksch, M., Konieczny, K., Mueller, B.H., Spannenberg, A., Peulecke, N., Rosenthal, U. (2017): Selective Reductions of N,N-Bis{chloro(aryl)- phosphino}-amines Yielding Three-, Five-, Six-, and Eight-Membered Cyclic Azaphosphanes. Chemistry - A European Journal 23 [18]: 4298-4309, DOI: 10.1002/chem.201605836

Müller, B.H., Konieczny, K., Höhne, M., Spannenberg, A., Peulecke, N., Moritz, J.O., Winterberg, M., Rosenthal, U. (2017): Synthesis of 1,2,4-triaza-3,5-diphospholidines. Monatshefte für Chemie - Chemical Monthly 1-7, DOI: 10.1007/s00706-017-2082-x

Rosenthal, U., Höhne, M., Müller, B.H., Peulecke, N., Spannenberg, A., Jiao, H. (2017): Highly Selective Chromium(0) Mediated Insertion of Nitriles into a Non-polar P-P Bond of a Substituted Hexahydro-1,4-Diaza-2,3,5,6-Tetraphosphorine. European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, DOI: 10.1002/ejic.201700634

Schulz, A., Bresien, J., Hinz, A., Suhrbier, T., Thomas, M., Villinger, A. (2017): Dichloro-cycloazatriphosphane — the missing link between N2P2 and P4 ring systems in the systematic development of NP chemistry. Chemistry - A European Journal 23 [59]: 14738–1474, DOI: 10.1002/chem.201704278

Steinbauer, J., Longwitz, L., Frank, M., Epping, J., Kragl, U., Werner, T. (2017): Immobilized bifunctional phosphonium salts as recyclable organocatalysts in the cycloaddition of CO2 and epoxides. Green Chemistry 19: 4435-4445, DOI: 10.1039/C7GC01782K

Steinbauer, J., Werner, T. (2017): Poly(ethylene glycol)s as Ligands in Calcium-Catalyzed Cyclic Carbonate Synthesis. ChemSusChem 10 [15]: 3025-3029, DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201700788


Adam, R., Alberico, E., Baumann, W., Drexler, H.-J., Jackstell, R., Junge, H., Beller, M. (2016): NNP-type pincer imidazolylphosphine ruthenium complexes: Efficient Base-Free Hydrogenation of Aromatic and Aliphatic Nitriles under Mild Conditions. Chemistry - A European Journal 22: 4991-5002, DOI: 10.1002/chem.201504709

Adam, R., Bheeter, C.B., Jackstell, R., Beller, M. (2016): A Mild and Base-Free Protocol for the Ruthenium- Catalyzed Hydrogenation of Aliphatic and Aromatic Nitriles with Tridentate Phosphine Ligands. ChemCatChem 8: 1329-1334, DOI: 10.1002/cctc.201501367

Bläsing, K., Ellinger, S., Harloff, J., Schulz, A., Sievert, K., Täschler, C., Villinger, A., Zur Täschler, C. (2016): Lewis Acid Catalyzed Synthesis of Cyanidophosphates. Chemistry - A European Journal 22 [12]: 4175–4188, DOI: 10.1002/chem.201504523

Bresien, J., Faust, K., Hering-Junghans, C., Rothe, J., Schulz, A., Villinger A. (2016): Synthetic strategies to bicyclic tetraphosphanes using P1, P2 and P4 building blocks. Dalton Transactions - The international journal for inorganic, organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry 05/2016:, DOI: 10.1039/C5DT02757H

Büttner, H., Grimmer, C., Steinbauer, J., Werner, T. (2016): Iron-based binary catalytic system for the valorization of CO2 into bio-based cyclic carbonates. ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering 4 [9]: 4805-4814.

Hinz, A., Kuzora, R., Rölke, A.-K., Schulz, A., Villinger, A., Wustrack, R. (2016): Synthesis of a Silylated Phosphorus Biradicaloid and Its Utilization in the Activation of Small Molecules. European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, DOI: 10.1002/ejic.201600321

Hinz, A., Rothe, J., Schulz, A., Villinger, A. (2016): Reduction of dichloro(diaza-phospha)stibanes – isolation of a donor-stabilized distibenium dication. Dalton Transactions - The international journal for inorganic, organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry 45: 6044-6052, DOI: 10.1039/C5DT02711J

Hinz, A., Schulz, A., Villinger, A. (2016): Synthesis of Heavy Cyclodipnictadiphosphanes [ClE(μ-P-Ter)]2 [E = P, As, Sb, or Bi; Ter = 2,6-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)phenyl]. Inorganic Chemistry 55: 3692–3699, DOI: 0.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b00218

Jungk, P., Täufer, T., Thiel, I., Hapke, M. (2016): Synthesis of Chiral Indenylcobalt(I) Complexes and Their Evaluation in Asymmetric [2+2+2] Cycloaddition Reactions. Synthesis 48 [13]: 2026-2035, DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1560433

Leibniz ScienceCampus Phosphorus Research Rostock (2016): Phosphorus 2020 - Challenges for Synthesis, Agriculture and Ecosystems. Conference Proceedings of the 8th International Phosphorus Workshop (IPW8), 12.-16.09.2016, Rostock, DOI: 10.12754/procs-2016-i

Pews-Davtyan, A., Jackstell, R., Spannenberg, A., Beller, M. (2016): Zwitterionic phosphonium ligands: synthesis, characterization and application in telomerization of 1,3-butadiene. Chemical Communications 52: 7568-7571, DOI: 10.1039/C6CC02747D

Rodrigues, C., Delolo, F.G., Ferreira, L. M., da S. Maia, P.I., Deflon, V.M., Rabeah, J,, Brückner, A., Norinder, J., Börner, A., Bogado, A.L.; Batista, A.A. (2016): Ruthenium(III)/phosphine/pyridine complexes applied in the hydrogenation reactions of polar and apolar double bonds. Journal of Molecular Structure 1111: 84-89.

Schirmer, M.-L., Adomeit S., Spannenberg, A., Werner, T. (2016): Novel Base-Free Catalytic Wittig Reaction for the Synthesis of Highly Functionalized Alkenes. Chemistry - A European Journal 22: 2458-2465.

Schirmer, M.-L., Jopp, S., Holz, J., Spannenberg, A., Werner, T. (2016): Organocatalyzed Reduction of Tertiary Phosphine Oxides. Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis 358: 26-29.

Schirmer, M.-L., Spannenberg, A., Werner, T. (2016): Highly functionalized alkenes produced from base-free organocatalytic Wittig reactions: (E)-3-benzyl-idenepyrrolidine-2,5-dione, (E)-3-benzyl-idene-1-methyl-pyrrolidine-2,5-dione and (E)-3-benzyl-idene-1-tert-but-ylpyrrolidine-2,5-. Acta Cryst C72: 504-508, DOI: 10.1107/S2053229616008159

Tenhumberg, N., Büttner, H., Schäffner, B., Kruse, D., Blumenstein, M., Werner, T. (2016): Cooperative Catalyst System for the Synthesis of Oleochemical Cyclic Carbonates from CO2 and Renewables. Green Chemistry, DOI: 10.1039/C6GC00671J


Bresien, J., Faust, K., Schulz, A., Villinger, A. (2015): Low-Temperature Isolation of the Bicyclic Phosphinophosphonium Salt [Mes*2P4Cl][GaCl4]. Angewandte Chemie Internationale Edition 54: 6926 – 693.

Bresien, J., Schulz, A., Villinger, A. (2015): A Tricyclic Hexaphosphane. Chemistry - A European Journal 21 [51]: 18543-1854, DOI: 10.1002/chem.201503808

Brückner, A., Hinz, A., Priebe, J. B., Schulz, A., Villinger, A. (2015): Cyclic Group 15 Radical Cations. Angewandte Chemie Internationale Edition 54 [25]: 7426–7430, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201502054

Büttner, H., Steinbauer, J.,Werner, T. (2015): Synthesis of cyclic carbonates from epoxides and CO2 using bifunctional one-component phosphorus-based organocatalysts. ChemSusChem 8: 2655–2669, DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201500612

Großeheilmann,J., Büttner, H., Kohrt, C., Kragl, U., Werner, T. (2015): Recycling of phosphorus-based organocatalysts by organic solvent nanofiltration. ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering 3: 2817–2822, DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.5b00734

Haerzschel, S., Kuehn, F., Woehl, A., Mueller, W., Al-Hazmi, M.H., Alqahtani, A.M., Mueller, B.H., Peulecke, N., Rosenthal, U. (2015): Comparative study of new chromium-based catalysts for the selective tri- and tetramerization of ethylene. Catalysis Science & Technology 5: 1678-1682, DOI: 10.1039/C4CY01441C

Hinz, A., Schulz, A., Villinger, A. (2015): A Mixed Arsenic–Phosphorus Centered Biradicaloid. Angewandte Chemie Internationale Edition 54: 668-672, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201408639

Hinz, A., Schulz, A., Villinger, A. (2015): P–P sigma-bond activation by gold(I) coordination. Chemical Communications 51: 1363-1366, DOI: 10.1039/C4CC09164G

Hoffmann, M., Deshmukh, S., Werner, T. (2015): Scope and Limitation of the Microwave-Assisted Catalytic Wittig Reaction. European Journal of Organic Chemistry 4532-4543.

Schirmer, M.-L., Adomeit, S., Werner, T. (2015): First Base-Free Catalytic Wittig Reaction. Organic Letters 17: 3078-3081.

Schirmer, M.-L., Spannenberg, A., Werner, T. (2015): Crystal structure of diethyl (E)-2-[(benzo­furan-2-yl)methyl­idene]succinate. Acta Cryst E71: 0872.

Werner, T., Hoffmann, M., Deshmukh, S. (2015): Phospholane catalyzed Wittig reaction. European Journal of Organic Chemistry 3286-3295.


Banerjee, D., Junge, K., Beller, M. (2014): Cooperative catalysis by palladium and a chiral phosphoric acid: enantioselective amination of racemic allylic alcohols. Angewandte Chemie Internationale Edition 53: 13049-1305, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201405511

Heinig, S., Wöhl, A., Müller, W., Al-Hazmi, M.H., Müller, B.H., Peulecke, M., Rosenthal, U. (2014): Influence of Ph2PN(R)P(Ph)N(R)H (R=c-Hex, iPr) Ligand Substituents, Modifier, and Process Parameters on Reaction Kinetics of a Chromium-based Catalyst for the Selective Trimerization of Ethylene. ChemCatChem 6 [2]: 514–521, DOI: 10.1002/cctc.201300652

Hinz, A., Kuzora, R., Rosenthal, U., Schulz, A., Villinger, A. (2014): Activation of small molecules by phosphorus biradicaloids. Chemistry - A European Journal 20: 14659–1467, DOI: 10.1002/chem.201403964

Werner, T., Büttner, H. (2014): Phosphorous based bifunctional organocatalysts for the addition of CO2 and epoxides. ChemSusChem 7(12&#: 3268-3271, DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201402477R1

Werner, T., Hoffmann, M. (2014): First Enantioselective Catalytic Wittig Reaction. European Journal of Organic Chemistry 2014 (: 6630-6633, DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201402941

Werner, T., Hoffmann, M., Deshmukh, S. (2014): First Microwave Assisted Catalytic Wittig Reaction. 2014 (: 6873-6876, DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201403113


Werner, T., Riahi, A.M., Schramm, H. (2011): Phosphonium Salt Catalyzed Addition of Diethylzinc to Aldehydes. Synthesis 2011: 3482-3490.

Prof. Dr. Matthias Beller LIKAT Angewandte Homogenkatalyse
Prof. Dr. Armin Börner LIKAT Hydrierungen und Hydroformylierungen
Dr. Jonas Bresien MNF Institut für Chemie, Anorganische Chemie
Prof. Dr. Marko Hapke LIKAT Cycloadditionen und Übergangsmetallkatalyse
Dr. Christian Hering-Junghans LIKAT Small Molecule Activation
Dr. Yuya Hu LIKAT Organokatalyse
Prof. Dr. Udo Kragl MNF Institut für Chemie, Abt. Analytische & Technische Chemie; Technische Chemie
Dr. Dirk Michalik LIKAT Analytik
PD Dr. Hugo Murua Escobar Hämatologie, Onkologie und Palliativmedizin
Prof. Dr. Uwe Rosenthal LIKAT Koordinationschemische Katalyse
Prof. Dr. Axel Schulz MNF Institut für Chemie, Anorganische Chemie
Jan-Erik Siewert LIKAT Aktivierung kleiner Moleküle
Constanza Terazzi LIKAT Organokatalyse
Jan Tönjes LIKAT Organokatalyse
Prof. Dr. Thomas Werner LIKAT Organokatalyse